Data is needed in order to figure out why a certain behavior is occurring. ABC data is the typical assessment tool and involves directly observing and recording situational factors surrounding a problem behavior.
In ABC data collection, the type of data is broken out into three components: A-B-C
- Antecedent = what happened before
- Behavior = what the child did that is problematic
- Consequence = what happened after
In this video, Robert discusses ABA data collection and how identifying the antecedents and consequences for a behavior will help clue you into why the behavior is occurring.